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Professional Higher Agricultural Colleges (HAO) 

The following specialisations are available (the reference numbers are related to addresses): 

  • BSc Programmes 
  • Environmental Technology (2) 
  • Environmental Sciences (1b, 3) 
  • Agriculture (1a, 1b, 2, 4b, 5) 
  • Crop Production (1a, 2, 3, 5) 
  • Horticulture (2, 3) 
  • Tropical Agriculture (4b) 
  • Animal Production (1a, 2, 3, 4b, 5) 
  • Animal Management (non production animals) (1b) 
  • Agricultural Accountancy (3) 
  • Business Administration (1a, 2, 3, 5) 
  • International Agricultural Trade (4b) 
  • Agri-Logistics (1a) 
  • Biological Agriculture (5) 
  • Teacher Training (6b, 6c) 
  • Forestry and Nature Conservation (4a) 
  • Land, Water and Environmental Management (4a) 
  • Landscape Architecture and Environmental Management (4a) 
  • Food Technology (1c, 2, 3) 
  • Agroproduct Management (4a) 
  • Laboratory Science (4a) 
  • Biotechnology (1a, 1b) 
  • Professional MSc Programmes 
  • Environmental Sciences (1b, 4a) 
  • Management in the Agribusiness (1a) 
  • International Agriculture (4b) 
  • European MBA in Agribusiness (4b) 
  • Land and Water Management (4a) 
  • European Master in Landscape Architecture (4a) 
Admission requirements 
A VWO or HAVO diploma with mathematics and chemistry is required for most of the BSc programmes. For some specializations, Physics, Biology or Economy are required. Also holders of the four year MBO-degree are admitted. 

Foreigners and students over 21 year old can be admitted if their qualifications are equivalent to the above mentioned requirements. 

For admission to the MSc programmes, a BSc degree or its equivalent is required. 

Length and Structure of Courses 
BSc studies last four years (i.e. eight semesters), the maximum time allowed is six years. The study starts with a foundation year in which basic sciences (mathematics, physics, chemestry, biology, economy, languages, etc.) and introductory subjects of the specialisation. During the next one and half year, general aspects of the specialization receive most attention. The last one and a half year generally starts with a practical training period (3 to 9 months) outside the college. It is followed by a more profound study of a limited number of subjects and concluded with a thesis. 

Most MSc programmes have a duration of 17 months, including the writing of a thesis. 

Practical training 
Besides the theoretical aspects taught at the colleges, practical skills are regarded as of high importance. Practical training takes place at the facilities of the colleges (laboratories, experimental fields, etc) and at the Practical Training Centres. During the summer periods, students are often requested to realize practical training at a farm, an enterprise or an organisation. The long training period, generally the sixth semester, must be relevant for the student's specialisation and can take place at a farm, an organisation, a commercial enterprise or a government experimental station, in the Netherlands or abroad. 

Contributory research work 
At the end of their studies, BSc students must submit a thesis based on (practical) research in an aspect of their speciality. This subject may be related with the practical period. 

The thesis of the MSc students is generally based on research and investigations in a professional field. 

European Dimension 
Foreign language teaching is included in all BSc programmes. European issues and examples of practices in other European countries form a part of most of the subjects taught. Students are encouraged to realise at least one of their practical training periods in another country. 

A limited number of the BSc programmes and most of the MSc programmes are completely taught in English. In some other BSc programmes, a few modules are offered in English for foreign and Dutch students together. 

The Colleges offer mid-carreer and tailor-made courses in English and other languages on request. 

Grade/Title or Diploma/Degree 
Successful BSc candidates are awarded the title of Landbouwkundig Ingenieur (agricultural engineer), abbeviated to Ing. The specialisation followed is mentioned on the diploma. 

Grades and titles of the Professional MSc's are validated or awarded by Universities in the UK. 

Further study 
Students who have passed foundation year examinations are admitted at first-year level to Wageningen Agricultural University. 

BSc graduates can obtain a (professional) MSc or its equivalent in one to two years at the Colleges, WAU and many other Universities in Europe and the USA. 

Employment market 

    a)Number of students: The six colleges together have about 9.500 students. In 1992 approximately 1700 students graduated. 

    b)About one third of the students has an agricultural background. 

    c)Students take up employment in the following sectors: 

Primary production:         18 %

Commerce and industry:      18 %

Extension and advisory:     22 %

Administration:             21 %

Teaching and research:      10 %

Food manufacturing:         10 %

Please note that all telephone numbers in The Netherlands will change by October 10, 1995. The new numbers are given below between square brackets. 

1.Van Hall Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Sciences 

PO Box 1528 
8901 BV Leeuwarden 

    (31) 58 888 777, 
    [31 58 2888 777] 
    (31) 58 888 763 
    [31 58 2888 763] 
BSc programmes: 
Agriculture, Crop Production, Animal Production, Business Administration, Agri- Logistics, Biotechnology 

MSc programmes: 
Management in the Agribusiness 

PO Box 17 
9700 AA Groningen 

    (31) 50 255 890 
    [31 50 5255 890] 
    (31) 50 274 885 
    [31 50 5274 885] 
BSc programmes: 
Environmental Sciences, Agriculture, Animal Management, Biotechnology 

MSc programmes: 
Environmental Sciences 

PO Box 51 
8700 AB Bolsward 

    (31) 5157 4245 
    [31 515 57 4245] 
    (31) 5157 7576 
    [31 515 57 7576] 
BSc programmes: Food Technology 

2. Agrarische Hogeschool Den Bosch, College for Higher Agricultural Education 

PO Box 90108 
5200 MA 's-Hertogenbosch 

    (31) 73 120 788 
    [31 73 6120 788] 
    (31) 73 144 510 
    [31 73 6144 510] 
BSc programmes: 
Environmental Technology, Agriculture, Crop Production, Horticulture, Animal Production, Business Administration, Food Technology 

3. Agricultural College Delft 

PO Box 3190 
2601 DD Delft 

    (31) 15 150 215, 
    [31 15 2150 215] 
    (31) 15 150 299 
    [31 15 2150 299] 
BSc programmes: 
Environmental Sciences, Crop Production, Horticulture, Animal Production, Agricultural Accountancy, Business Administration, Food technology 

4. Larenstein International Agricultural College 

PO Box 9001 
6880 GB Velp 

    (31) 85 695 695 
    [31 26 3695 695] 
    (31) 85 695 727 
    [31 26 3695 727] 
BSc programmes: 
Forestry and Nature Conservation, Land, Water and Environmental Management, Landscape Architecture and Environmental Management, Agroproduct Management, Laboratory Science 

MSc programmes: 
Environmental Sciences, Land and water Management, European Master in Landscape Architecture 

PO Box 7 
7400 AA Deventer 

    (31) 5700 84600 
    [31 570 68 4600] 
    (31) 5700 84608 
    [31 570 68 4608] 
BSc programmes: 
Agriculture, Animal Production, Tropical Agriculture, International Agricultural Trade 

MSc programmes: 
International Agriculture, European MBA in Agribusiness 

5. Christian College of Agriculture Dronten 

De Drieslag 1 
8251 JZ Dronten 

    (31) 3210 18300 
    [31 321 312 824] 
    (31) 3210 13514 
    [31 321 313 514] 
BSc programmes: 
Agriculture, Crop Production, Animal Production, Business Administration, Biological Agriculture 

6. National Foundation for Agricultural Education and Training STOAS 

Stadsbrink 427 
6707 AE Wageningen 

    (31) 8370 72711 
    [31 317 427 711] 
    (31) 8370 24770 
    [31 317 424 770] 
De Drieslag 1 
8251 JZ Dronten 
    (31) 3210 18300 
    [31 321 312 824] 
    (31) 3210 13514 
    [31 321 313 514] 
BSc programmes: 
Teacher Training 

Vlijmenseweg 50a 
5223 GW Den Bosch 

    (31) 73 214 745 
    [31 73 6214 745] 
    (31) 73 220 235 
    [31 73 6220 235] 
BSc programmes: Teacher Training 

7. SHAO, Association of Colleges for Professional Higher Agricultural Education 

PO Box 64 
6700 AB Wageningen 

    (31) 8370 84300 
    [31 317 48 4300] 
    (31) 8370 84612 
    [31 317 48 4612] 
Addresses of alumni associations 
Each College has its own alumni-association. These associations are members of: The Federation of Associations for alumni of Higher Agricultural Colleges (Samenwerkingsverband Verenigingen van Afgestudeerden van Agrarische Hogescholen - SVVA) 

P.O.Box 303 
2670 AJ Naaldwijk 

    (31) 1740 32 446 
    [31 174 632 446] 
    (31) 1740 34 043 
    [31 174 634 043] 
Further, at national level Agricultural Engineers (Ing) may become members of: 
Nederlandse Ingenieurs Vereniging (NIRIA) 
P.O. Box 84 220 
2508 AE Den Haag 

Wageningen Agricultural University 

Admission requirements 
Candidates must fulfil one of the following criteria: 

Admissions are decided by the University 

Length and structure of the study programmme 
University studies in the Netherlands last, by law, and depending on the programme, four or five years and lead to the titles of Doctorandus, Meester or Ingenieur, all equivalent to Master of Science. The study programme consists of two parts: 

  • a Propedeuse or foundation phase of one year 
  • a Doctoraal of three or four years 
Studie programmes cannot be prolonged beyond a maximum of one year, mainly because of granting limitations. 

Wageningen Agricultural University offers 19 different programmes. 

Group           Programmes                              Length in years

Plant Sciences  - Crop Science                                  5

                - Horticulture                                  5

                - Plant Breeding & Crop Protection              4

Animal Science  - Zootechnics                                   5

Biology         - Biologogy                                     4

Chemistry &     - Food Technology                               5

Technology      - Human Nutrition                               4

                - Environmental Sciences                        5

                - Molecular Sciences                            4

                - Bioprocess Technology                         5

Rural           - Forestry                                      5

Planning        - Agricultural Systems Sciences                 4

and Land Use    - Physical Planning                             5

                - Soil, Water and  Atmosphere                   5

                - Agricultural Engineering                      5

Social and      - Agricultural and Environmental Economics      4

Economic Sc.    - Household and Consumer Sciences               4       

Development     - Tropical Land Use                             5

Sciences        - Rural Development Sciences                    4

Within the same group the propedeutic programmes coincide considerably; students can switch to another program- me during this phase with only minor delay. 

The propedeutic year has a study load of 42 credit points, where each credit point resembles a total work load of 1 week (class hours, exercises, homework and all other). 

Each student has to complete her or his programme within the scheduled number of years (plus one). The total requirement for the Doctoraal phase is 126 credit points for the 4-years programmes, 168 credit points for the 5- years programmes. These credit points can be divided as follows (on average, individual programmes may differ somewhat): 


                                        4-years           5-years


        Thesis work                     21-30 cp          48-54 cp

        Practical period                12-15 cp             27 cp

        Programmed courses              20-30 cp          20-30 cp

        Specialization courses             40 cp             40 cp

        Free choice courses             20-30 cp          20-30 cp
Subject courses 
The major part of the programmes are defined as sets of subject courses of 1-6 credit points each. Courses are arran- ged in trimesters of 10-12 weeks plus an examination period of 3 weeks, and, in future, also partly in "full-time blocks". In the current scheduling, students have to take several courses in parallel. Each subject course leads to an examination. Students arrange their own timetables within the constraints given by course scheduling and required course sequences (e.g. advanced couse after introductory course). 

Practical Training 
In the third year of the Doctoraal students are required to fulfil their practical training period. The university attaches great importance to this practical training period. Students work for 3-6 months with organisations or companies relevant to their specialization. More than 70% of the students do their practical training abroad. 

Contributory Research Work 
In the course of the Doctoraal students must prepare one or two theses based on research executed by the student. The quality of the thesis is essential for obtaining the degree. 

Graduands receive the title Landbouwkundig Ingenieur (agricultural engineer) with the abbreviation Ir. which is placed before the graduates' name. The Doctoraal degree is given when all subject course (including practical training and thesis) examinations are passed. The degree of ingenieur can be given "met lof" (with distic- tion). 

European dimensions 
Students are free to devote part of their time to courses dealing with international/European issues. Cooperation in research and teaching with other universities has been strengthened by WAU's drive towards internationalization and by programmes like ERASMUS and TEMPUS. 

Students with a diplom of a vocational college 
For students who hold a diplom of an (agricultural) vocational college, there are possibilities to do a shortened programme. This is based on exemptions for many introductory subject courses and the practical period of the regular four/five years ir.-programmes. Basically, the total amount of exemptions is equivalent to a work load of two years. 

Foreign students in the regular WAU programmes 
Foreign students who want to attend the complete study programme at WAU will encounter considerable difficulties. The majority of classes is given in Dutch, knowledge of which is a requirement. Foreign students have to pass an examination in the Dutch language before beginning their studies. Foreign students should allow at least one year for learning the language. 

Another possibility for foreign students is to take not a complete programme, but only some subject courses. Besides the courses in Dutch, a substantial amount of courses is taught in English. Further information can be provided by the Dean's office for foreign students (address). 

International MSc-programmes 
Next to its regular education programmes in the Dutch language, Wageningen Agricultural University, however, runs an International Post-Graduate Programme in English for foreigners. It includes an MSc programme as well as a PhD programme. WAU welcomes the participation of European students in its International Post-Graduate Programme. 

The following MSc specializations are now available: 

  • Agricultural Economics and Marketing 
  • Agricultural Engineering 
  • Animal Science 
  • Aquaculture 
  • Biotechnology 
  • Crop Science 
  • Ecological Agriculture 
  • Environmental Sciences 
  • Geographic Information Systems 
  • Management of Agricultural Knowledge Systems 
  • Soil and Water 
  • Tropical Forestry 

These programmes have a length of 17 months (61 credit points) and are thesis oriented (thesis: 27 credit points). To be admitted, applicants should have a BSc degree (or equivalent), be proficient in English and pass an entrance examination. 

Further information on the MSc programmes may be obtained from the Dean's Office for Foreign Students (address). 

The PhD study at WAU consists of individual research under supervision of a senior faculty member. It should result in a set of coherent publications in scientific journals with an international board of referees or a thesis. Following a succesfull public defence of the study the candidate is awarded the Doctors' degree which is equivalent to PhD. To complete a PhD programme takes in general at least 4 years. 

Many of the foreign PhD students participate in the Wageningen PhD programme through a sandwich model: the introductionary period and the final one are spent in Wageningen, while the student works in the middle period at his/her home institute, which often is connected to WAU through some kind of cooperation agreement. 

For particiption in the WAU PhD programme a candidate should be admitted to the PhD programme, have a supervisor at WAU and financial support. For admission are required: an MSc degree (or equivalent), a written research proposal and proficiency in English. Candidates from EU-countries are generally admitted without a qualifying examination. 

Further information on the PhD-programme may be obtained from: 
the Office for International Relations (address). 

Further Study 
Following the Doctoraal the WAU graduate may proceed without further examination towards the Doctoraat (PhD- study). 

Employment market 
Wageningen graduates are to be found everywhere: naturally they are found in agriculture-related organisations and companies such as agricultural advisory services, fodder supply companies and agricultural research and teaching. Many graduates, however, find work in such sectors as environment and nature conservation, biotechnology, computing, open-air recreation, and in sectors related to human and animal health. Graduates work in the development, management and organisation of a variety of fields such as research, policy study, and development analysis in their particular specialisation. In recent years graduates have gravitated increasingly towards the private sector: business technical bureaus and a variety of services, organisations and associations. 

The following data refer to all active Wageningen graduates in 1992. 
34.9% Public Sector 
47.3% Private sector 
12.4% Universities 
5.3% Employed in other countries 

Addresses of Wageningen Agricultural University 

General address (central office):

        Visitors:       Costerweg 50

                        Wageningen, NL

        Mail    :       P.O. Box 9101

                        6700 HB Wageningen, NL

        Phone   :       +31 317 48 9111 (central operator)

Dean's office for foreign students:

        Mail    :       P.O. Box 453

                        6700 AL Wageningen, NL

        Phone   :       +31 317 48 2680 or +31 8370 8 3618

        Fax     :       +31 317 48 4464

        Telex   :       NL 45 854

Office for International Relations

        Mail    :       see general mail address of WAU

        Phone   :       +31 317 48 2483

        Fax     :       +31 317 48 4292

Press & PR Office

        Mail    :       see general mail address of WAU

        Phone   :       +31 317 48 4472

        Fax     :       +31 317 48 4884

Former students' association 
Wageningen graduates may join the following organisation: 

        Koninklijke Landbouwkundige Vereniging 

        (KLV, Royal Society for Agricultural Sciences)

        P.O. Box 79

        6700 AB Wageningen, NL

WAU cooperates with the KLV in many aspects related to alumni and labour market research 
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